2014 Voter ID Laws

Last updated July 14, 2014

Introduction to voter ID laws

Voter ID laws have been a hot-topic the past few years. Proponents of voter ID laws argue that these laws prevent voter fraud at the polls (or by mail-in or absentee ballot).  Opponents argue that voter ID laws are a solution to a problem that doesn't exist, and succeed primarily in prevent Americans from casting their votes on election day.  Long Distance Voter is in the latter camp: we feel that voter ID laws are an unnecessary burden on the American voter. This page is our attempt to help you learn what ID you'll need to provide when you vote.  

Here's a quick summary of where we stand as of April 2014

  • Voters in 31 states will have to show an ID document when they vote in-person at the polls in 2014.
  • Voters in 9 states will have to include a photocopy of their ID when they vote by mail or by absentee ballot in 2014. 
  • Voters in the remaining 18 states (and the District of Columbia) do not need to provide ID documents when voting in person or by absentee ballot.  These voters can verify their identity by signing an affidavit, providing personal identifying information, or by signing a log book or poll log (the signature is then compared to a signature on file).

Additional requirements for first-time voters

State voter ID laws apply equally to all voters.  First-time voters, however, may face additional voter ID requirements due to the ironically named Federal "Help America Vote Act" (HAVA) of 2002. HAVA instructs that first-time voters who register by mail must provide some form of ID before voting in a Federal election (a federal election is a presidential or congressional election).  

HAVA in a nutshell: you should include your drivers license number on your voter registration form or you should be prepared to provide ID the first time you vote in person or by absentee ballot. You must meet this ID requirements the first time you vote in a federal election in a new state - even if you've voted before in another state.  Acceptable forms of ID include:

  • a non-expired photo ID (driver's license, US passport, student ID, military ID, work ID, tribal ID, etc)
  • a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document that shows your name and current address

Exceptions to the voter ID requirements

  • Military and overseas voters who are vote by absentee ballot under the federal Uniformed and Overseas Citizen Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) are exempt from ALL voter ID requirements.
  • Elderly and disabled voters are exempt from the HAVA requirments but might not be exempt from state voter ID laws.

Where to go if you have questions

Voter ID is a pain in the neck and laws change frequently. We make every effort to keep this data up-to-date, but if you have any questions you should contact your Local Election Official.

 

Table 1: 2014 voter ID law overview

Photo ID required Non-photo ID required No 2014 state voter ID law
In-Person Voters Absentee Voters In-Person Voters Absentee Voters In-Person Voters Absentee Voters

Alabama

Arkansas

Florida

Georgia

Idaho

Indiana

Kansas

Louisiana

Michigan

Mississippi

Rhode Island

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Virginia

Alabama

Kansas

Texas (for some voters)

Alaska

Arizona

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Hawaii

Kentucky

Missouri

Montana

New Hampshire

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

South Carolina

Utah

Washington

Arkansas

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Pennsylvania

South Dakota

California

District of Columbia

Illinois

Iowa

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Minnesota

Nebraska

Nevada

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Vermont

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Alaska

Arizona

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

District of Columbia

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

Oklahoma

Oregon

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

 

Table 2: State by state details of 2014 voter ID laws

State In-Person Voter ID Laws Absentee Voter ID Laws Get Started

Alabama

Photo ID required

Details

When you vote, you must present a photo ID from the following list:

  • valid Alabama driver's license or non-driver photo ID card
  • valid Alabama photo voter ID card
  • valid photo ID card issued by a branch, department, agency, or entity of the State of Alabama, any other state, or the United States authorized by law to issue personal identification
  • valid US passport
  • valid government employee photo ID card
  • valid student or employee photo ID card issued by a public or private college, university, or postgraduate technical or professional school located within the state of Alabama
  • valid US military photo ID card
  • valid tribal photo ID card

You may also have two (2) election officials verify your identity at the polls.

Photo ID required

Details

Beginning with the 2014 primary election, absentee voters are required to provide a copy of a photo ID from the following list:

  • valid Alabama driver's license or non-driver photo ID card
  • valid Alabama photo voter ID card
  • valid photo ID card issued by a branch, department, agency, or entity of the State of Alabama, any other state, or the United States authorized by law to issue personal identification
  • valid US passport
  • valid government employee photo ID card
  • valid student or employee photo ID card issued by a public or private college, university, or postgraduate technical or professional school located within the state of Alabama
  • valid US military photo ID card
  • valid tribal photo ID card

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Alaska

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • official voter registration card
  • driver's license
  • birth certificate
  • passport
  • hunting or fishing license
  • current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document with the voter’s name and address

An election official may waive the ID requirement if the election official can vouch for your identity.

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Arizona

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • valid Arizona driver's license or non-driver ID card
  • tribal enrollment card or other form of tribal identification
  • valid U.S. federal, state or local government issued ID
  • utility bill dated within 90 days of the election
  • bank or credit union statement dated within 90 days of the election
  • valid Arizona vehicle registration
  • indian census card
  • property tax statement
  • vehicle insurance card
  • recorder’s Certificate

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Arkansas

Photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote at the polls:

  • a voter ID card issued by the secretary of state
  • a driver's license
  • a photo ID card
  • a concealed handgun carry license
  • a U.S. passport
  • an employee badge or identification document
  • a US military ID card
  • a student ID
  • a public assistance ID
  • a voter ID card
  • a document or ID card that:
    • shows your name and photo
    • is issued by the US government, the state of Arkansas, or an accredited postsecondary educational institution in Arkansas, and
    • if displaying an expiration date, is current, or expired no more than four years before the date of the election

Non-photo ID required

Details

All absentee voters must include a copy of one of the following forms of ID along with their returned ballot:

  • current and valid photo ID card
  • current utility bill
  • bank statement
  • government check
  • paycheck
  • other government document that shows your name and address

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

California

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Colorado

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • Colorado driver's license
  • Colorado Department of Revenue ID card
  • US passport
  • employee photo ID card issued by the US government, Colorado state government, or political subdivision of Colorado
  • pilot’s license
  • US military ID with photo
  • a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document that shows your name and address
  • Medicare or Medicaid card
  • certified copy of birth certificate
  • certified documentation of naturalization

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Connecticut

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • social security card
  • any preprinted form of ID that shows your name and either your address, signature, or photo.

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Delaware

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • photo ID
  • utility bill
  • paycheck
  • any government document with your name and address

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

District of Columbia

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Florida

Photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Florida driver's license
  • Florida ID card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles
  • US passport
  • debit or credit card
  • military ID
  • student identification
  • retirement center ID
  • neighborhood association ID
  • public assistance identification

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Georgia

Photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Georgia driver’s license, even if expired
  • ID card issued by the state of Georgia or the federal government
  • free voter ID card issued by the state or county
  • US passport
  • valid employee photo ID card from any branch, department, agency, or entity of the US Government, Georgia, or any county, municipality, board, authority or other entity of this state
  • valid US military ID card
  • valid tribal photo ID

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Hawaii

Non-photo ID required

Details

Pollworkers will request a photo ID with signature when you vote. (Acceptable forms of ID are not specified by law.)

If you don't have ID, you will be asked to recite your date of birth and address to corroborate the information in the poll book.

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Idaho

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must present one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • Idaho driver's license or non-driver's ID card
  • passport
  • photo ID card issued by an agency of the US government
  • tribal photo ID card
  • student photo ID card issued by a high school or accredited institution of higher education within the state of Idaho

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Illinois

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Indiana

Photo ID required

Details

Specific forms of ID are not listed in Indiana statute. The ID must be issued by the state of Indiana or the US government and must show the following:

  • your name, which must conform to your registration record
  • your photo
  • expiration date (if it is expired, it must have an expiration date after the most recent general election; military IDs are exempted from the requirement that the ID bear an expiration date)

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Iowa

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Kansas

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide the following forms of current and valid photo ID (unless you are 65 or older, in which case the ID can be expired) when you vote:

  • driver's license or nondriver's ID card issued by Kansas or another state
  • U.S. passport
  • concealed carry of handgun license issued by Kansas or another state
  • employee badge or ID document issued by a government office
  • U.S. military ID
  • student ID card issued by an accredited Kansas postsecondary educational institution
  • public assistance ID card issued by a government office

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide the number from your current and valid Kansas driver's license or Kansas nondriver's ID card when you request your absentee ballot.

If you do not have a valid Kansas driver's license or Kansas nondriver's card, you must provide a copy of one of the following forms of photo ID with your application in order to receive a ballot:

  • driver's license or nondriver's ID card issued by Kansas or another state
  • U.S. passport
  • concealed carry of handgun license issued by Kansas or another state
  • employee badge or ID document issued by a government office
  • U.S. military ID
  • student ID card issued by an accredited Kansas postsecondary educational institution
  • public assistance ID card issued by a government office

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Kentucky

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • driver's license
  • social security card
  • credit card

When the officers of an election disagree as to your qualifications to vote or if your right to vote is disputed by a challenger, you must sign a written oath as to your qualifications before you are permitted to vote.

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Louisiana

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Louisiana driver's license
  • Louisiana special ID card
  • other picture ID with your name and signature

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Maine

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Maryland

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Massachusetts

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Michigan

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Michigan driver's license
  • Michigan personal ID card
  • Any of the following, as long as they are current:
    • driver's license or personal ID card issued by another state
    • federal or state government-issued photo ID
    • US passport
    • military photo ID
    • student photo ID from a high school or accredited institution of higher education
    • tribal photo ID

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Minnesota

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Note: You need to have a witness (another registered Minnesota voter) verify that a blank ballot was sent to you.

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Mississippi

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • driver's license
  • photo ID card issued by a branch, department, or entity of the state of Mississippi
  • US passport
  • government employee ID card
  • firearms license
  • student photo ID issued by an accredited Mississippi university, college, or community/junior college
  • US military ID
  • tribal photo ID
  • any other photo ID issued by any branch, department, agency or entity of the United States government or any State government
  • Mississippi Voter ID Card

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Missouri

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • ID issued by the federal government, state of Missouri, an agency of the state, or a local election authority
  • ID issued by Missouri institution of higher education, including a university, college, vocational and technical school
  • a copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document that contains the name and address of the voter
  • driver's license or state ID card issued by another state.

Alternatively, you may vote if two (2) supervising election judges, one from each major political party, attest that they know you.

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Montana

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • driver’s license
  • school district or postsecondary education photo identification
  • tribal photo identification
  • current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, notice of confirmation of voter registration, government check, or other government document that shows your name and current address

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Nebraska

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Nevada

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

New Hampshire

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • driver's license from NH or any other state, regardless of expiration date
  • photo ID card issued by the NH director of motor vehicles
  • voter ID card issued under R.S. 260:21
  • US armed services photo ID card
  • US passport, regardless of expiration date
  • valid student ID card
  • any other valid photo ID issued by federal, state, county or municipal government
  • any other photo ID that is determined to be legitimate by the supervisors of the checklist, the moderator, or the town or city clerk, provided that if any person authorized to challenge a voter under RSA 659:27 objects to the use of such photo identification, the voter shall be required to execute a qualified voter affidavit as if no identification was presented.

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

New Jersey

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

New Mexico

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

New York

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

North Carolina

No state voter ID law

Non-photo ID required

Details

When you send in your absentee ballot request, you will need to provide either your driver's license number or the last four digits of your Social Security number.

Alternatively, you can send a photocopy of one of the following forms of ID with your request:

  • current and valid photo ID
  • military ID
  • a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that shows your name and current address

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

North Dakota

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • valid driver's license or state ID card
  • valid passport or federal agency ID card
  • valid government-issued tribal ID card
  • student ID certificate (provided by a ND college or university)
  • long term care ID certificate (provided by ND facility)

If you do not have or refuse to show an appropriate form of identification, you will not be allowed to vote.

Non-photo ID required

Details

North Dakota requires you to provide one of the following forms of ID containing your name, residence address, and date of birth when you apply for your absentee ballot:

  • North Dakota valid driver's license or non-driver's identification card
  • valid North Dakota tribal government issued identification card
  • student identification certificate (provided by a North Dakota college or university)
  • long term care identification certificate (provided by a North Dakota facility)
  • passport or military ID (only for North Dakota residents living outside the United States who do not possess one of the other forms of identification)

If you do not have one of the above forms of ID, you may use an Attester. The attester must provide his or her name, North Dakota driver's license, non-driver's, or tribal identification number, and sign the absentee/mail ballot application form to attest to the applicant's North Dakota residency and voting eligibility.

N/A

Get your absentee ballot

Ohio

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote:

  • current and valid photo ID, defined as a document that shows the individual’s name and current address, includes a photograph, includes an expiration date that has not passed, and was issued by the US government or the state of Ohio
  • current utility bill
  • current bank statement
  • current government check, paycheck or other government document

Non-photo ID required

Details

When you send in your by-mail application, you will have to provide either your driver's license number (which begins with two alphabet letters followed by six numbers) OR the last four digits of your Social Security number.

Alternatively, you can provide a photocopy of one of the following forms of ID when you mail in your application:

  • current and valid photo ID
  • military ID
  • a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck or other government document that shows your name and current address

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Oklahoma

Non-photo ID required

Details

When you vote, you must provide either:

  • a voter registration card issued by the appropriate county elections board

or

  • a form of ID that:
    • shows a name that substantially conforms to your name in the precinct registry
    • shows a photograph
    • shows an expiration date that is after the date of the election
    • was issued by the US, state of Oklahoma, or a federally recognized Indian tribe or nation

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Oregon

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Pennsylvania

No state voter ID law

Non-photo ID required

Details

You will need to provide either your driver's license number or the last four digits of your Social Security number to vote absentee. You can provide the number to your county by phone, email, or mail.

Alternatively, you can provide a copy of one of the following forms of ID when you mail in your application:

  • photo ID issued by the Commonwealth of PA or the U.S. Government (including a U.S. Passport)
  • PA driver's license or non-driver's license photo ID (IDs are valid for voting purposes 12 months past expiration date)
  • PA Department of State Voter ID Card available at a DLC
  • photo ID from an accredited PA public or private institution of higher learning, including colleges, universities, seminaries, community colleges and other two-year colleges
  • photo ID issued by a PA care facility, including long-term care facilities, assisted living residences or personal care homes
  • U.S. military ID – active duty and retired military (a military or veteran's ID must designate an expiration date or designate that the expiration date is indefinite). Military dependents' ID must contain an expiration date
  • employee photo ID issued by U.S., PA, PA County or PA Municipal government

You have 6 days following an election to provide the necessary identification to your county.

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Rhode Island

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of current and valid photo ID when you vote:

  • Rhode Island driver's license
  • Rhode Island voter ID card
  • US passport
  • ID card issued by a US educational institution
  • US military ID card
  • ID card issued by the US government or state of Rhode Island
  • Government-issued medical card

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

South Carolina

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • South Carolina driver's license or non-driver's photo ID card
  • passport
  • military photo ID card
  • South Carolina voter registration card with a photo

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

South Dakota

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • South Dakota driver’s license or nondriver ID card
  • US passport
  • photo ID issued by an agency of the US government
  • tribal photo ID card
  • student photo ID card issued by an accredited South Dakota school

You can also sign an affidavit, containing your name, address, and signature, in lieu of ID.

Non-photo ID required

Details

The South Dakota absentee ballot application has an oath that must be signed and stamped by a notary public or other officer authorized by statute to administer an oath.

If you don't have an authorized witness sign and stamp your request, then you must provide a copy of one of the following forms of photo ID with your absentee ballot request:

  • South Dakota driver’s license or nondriver ID card
  • US passport
  • photo ID issued by an agency of the US government
  • tribal photo ID card
  • student photo ID card issued by an accredited South Dakota school

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Tennessee

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of photo ID when you vote:

  • Tennessee driver’s license
  • valid photo ID card issued by any state
  • valid photo ID license issued by the TN Dept. of Safety
  • valid US passport
  • valid US military photo ID

No state voter ID law

Note: If you registered by mail, you must vote in person in the first election in which you vote.

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Texas

Photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of current and valid photo ID (no more than 60 days expired) when you vote:

  • Texas driver's license
  • Texas election ID certificate
  • Department of Public Safety personal ID card
  • US military ID
  • US citizenship certificate (does not require an expiration date)
  • US passport
  • license to carry a concealed handgun issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety

No state voter ID law, unless you are a first-time voter and you did not provide either your driver's license number or Social Security number on your voter registration form, in which case Photo ID is required

Details

Under Texas's strict new voter ID law, if you are a first-time voter who did not provide either your driver's license number or your Social Security number on your voter registration form, you MUST provide a copy of one of the following forms of photo ID with your absentee ballot request:

  • Texas driver's license
  • Texas election ID certificate
  • Department of Public Safety personal ID card
  • US military ID
  • US citizenship certificate (does not require an expiration date)
  • US passport
  • license to carry a concealed handgun issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety

Note: If you are disabled, in the military, or living overseas, you are NOT required to include a copy of your identification. However, your Texas County Elections Office should mail you a special form attesting to that effect, which you must complete and return.

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Utah

Non-photo ID required

Details

You must provide one of the following forms of ID when you vote :

  • current and valid UT driver's license
  • current and valid ID card issued by the state or federal government UT
  • concealed weapon permit
  • US passport
  • current and valid US military ID card
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs card
  • Tribal treaty card
  • Tribal ID card
  • two forms of ID that bear your name provide evidence that you reside in the precinct

Alternatively, a county clerk can verify your identity and residence if you cannot provide ID by other means.

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Vermont

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Virginia

Photo ID required

Details

Beginning July 1, 2014, you must provide one of the following forms of current and valid photo ID when you vote:

  • Virginia voter registration card
  • US passport
  • Virginia driver's license
  • any other ID card issued by a government agency of the Commonwealth, one of its political subdivisions, or the United States
  • concealed handgun permit
  • any valid student ID card issued by any institution of higher education located in Virginia
  • employee ID card

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Washington

Photo ID required

Note: All Washington counties now vote by mail. However, county auditors must open at least one vote center where voters can cast their ballot in person. Voters who wish to vote in person are the only voters subject to ID requirements.

Details

You must provide a valid photo ID when you vote in person, such as:

  • driver's license
  • state ID card
  • student ID card
  • tribal ID card
  • employer ID card

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

West Virginia

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Wisconsin

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote

Get your absentee ballot

Wyoming

No state voter ID law

No state voter ID law

Register to vote (pdf)

Get your absentee ballot

Resources and Off-site Links

Information on federal requirements for first-time voter identification comes directly from the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA).

The bulk of our in-person voter ID information comes from the National Conference of State Legislatures, which is a fantastic resource.

We contacted the Secretaries of State and/or Local Election Officials directly to gather the absentee voter ID information.

We make every effort to keep this information up-to-date, but voter identification laws change frequently. Please contact your Local Election Official.

Every person who shares helps us reach three more voters.

Sharing this page is the easiest thing you can do to directly increase voter turnout this year.

Join our awesome mailing list!