Alabama Absentee Ballot Guide

Last updated March 22, 2016
Military and Overseas voters should visit the Overseas Vote Foundation. Long Distance Voter's information should only be used by voters with US mailing addresses.

Important deadlines

  • Voter registration form: Postmarked 15 days before the election
  • Absentee ballot application: Received 5 days before the election
  • Absentee ballot due: Postmarked by the day before the election and received by noon on election day if mailed; received by 5:00 p.m. on the day before the election if hand-delivered

How to vote by absentee ballot

Register to vote

Recommended: Use our Voter Registration Tool.  Enter your information, print and sign the completed form, and mail it to the Secretary of State (the address is on the form).

You can also download and fill out Alabama's voter registration form.  Mail the completed form to your County Board of Registrars.

Verify your voter registration

It's best to verify your voter registration before applying for your absentee ballot.  If there's a problem with your registration, register again before proceeding.

NOTE: Most people receive their voter registration cards in the mail 2-3 weeks after registering to vote. Don't worry if you lost your voter registration card. You don't actually need it to vote.

Make sure you're eligible to vote by absentee ballot

You may vote by absentee ballot if:

  • you will be absent from the county on election day
  • you are ill or have a physical disability that prevents a trip to the polling place
  • you are a registered Alabama voter who is temporarily living outside the county (such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside of the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person)
  • you are an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than your regular polling place
  • you work a required shift - 10 hours or more - that coincides with polling hours

Apply for your absentee ballot

Download and complete the Alabama Absentee Ballot Application form.  Mail or hand-deliver your completed form to the Absentee Election Manager in care of the Circuit Clerk for your county.

Absentee ballots for elections more than 30 days apart must be requested on separate applications. This restriction does not apply if you are a member of the armed forces or you are a United States citizen residing overseas, or you are a spouse or dependent of such person.

Receive, complete, and return your absentee ballot

The absentee ballot comes with three envelopes -- one plain (the secrecy envelope), one with an affidavit, or oath, printed on the outside, and one plain envelope, pre-addressed (the outer envelope). Once the voter casts the ballot, the procedure is as follows:

  1. Seal the ballot in the plain envelope
  2. Place the plain envelope inside the accompanying affidavit envelope
  3. Seal the affidavit envelope and complete the affidavit that is on the outside of the envelope
  4. Sign the affidavit and have the signature witnessed by either a notary public or two witnesses 18 years of age or older
  5. Place the affidavit envelope and a copy of your identification (NOT THE ORIGINAL) inside the outer envelope

Mail your ballot back to the Absentee Election Manager in care of the Circuit Clerk for your county.  Be sure to meet the deadline or your ballot won't be counted!

Additional Information

State Election Website:
Local Election Officials: Your Local Election Official is the best person to contact if you have voting-related questions.  They'll be able to provide up-to-date information on rules and deadlines. 


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