Texas Absentee Ballot Guide

Last updated March 22, 2016
Military and Overseas voters should visit the Overseas Vote Foundation. Long Distance Voter's information should only be used by voters with US mailing addresses.

Important Deadlines

  • Voter Registration Form: Postmarked 30 days before the election
  • Absentee Ballot Application: Received by the close of business on the 9th day before the election (however, it must be a weekday, so it will actually be the 2nd Friday before an election for most elections)
  • Voted Absentee Ballot: Received by 7:00 pm on Election Day

How to vote by absentee ballot 

Register to vote

Recommended: Use our Voter Registration Tool.  Enter your information, print and sign the completed form, and mail it to the address printed on the form. 

Verify your voter registration

It's best to verify your voter registration before applying for your absentee ballot.  If there's a problem with your registration, register again before proceeding.

NOTE: Most people receive their voter registration cards in the mail 2-3 weeks after registering to vote. Don't worry if you lost your voter registration card. You don't actually need it to vote.

Make sure you're eligible to vote by absentee ballot

You may vote absentee in Texas if you are:

  • going to be away from your county on election day and during early voting;
  • sick or disabled;
  • 65 years of age or older on election day; or
  • confined in jail, but eligible to vote.

Apply for your absentee ("early by-mail") ballot

In Texas, they call it "early voting by mail." You can start applying for an early voting ballot 60 days before the election.  Download and complete the Texas application for an absentee ballot.  Mail, fax, or hand-deliver your completed application to your County Clerk. Be sure to write "Early Voting Clerk" on the envelope.  If you hand-deliver your application, it must be delivered before the start of the early voting period (17 days before the election).  Once early voting has started, absentee ballot applications will only be accepted by mail, common or contract carrier, or by fax.

Receive, complete, and return your absentee ballot

Fill out your ballot, sign where indicated, put a stamp on it, and then mail your absentee ballot back to your County Clerk.  Your absentee ballot must be received by the close of polls on election day.

Additional Information

State Election Website: www.votetexas.gov
Email address: elections@sos.state.tx.us
Local Election Officials: Your Local Election Official is the best person to contact if you have questions.  They'll be able to provide up-to-date information on rules and deadlines. 


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