Voter Registration Rules

Last updated June 11, 2014
Military and Overseas voters should visit the Overseas Vote Foundation. Long Distance Voter's information should only be used by voters with US mailing addresses.

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ALABAMA

To register to vote in Alabama you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Alabama and your county at the time of registration
  • be 18 years old before any election
  • not have been convicted of a felony punishable by imprisonment in the penitentiary (or have had your civil and political rights restored)
  • not currently be declared mentally incompetent through a competency hearing
  • swear or affirm to “support and defend the Constitution of the U.S. and the State of Alabama and further disavow any belief or affiliation with any group which advocates the overthrow of the governments of the U.S. or the State of Alabama by unlawful means and that the information contained herein is true, so help me God” 

Voter registration deadline: Voter registration is closed during the ten days preceding an election. Applications must be postmarked or delivered by the eleventh day prior to the election.

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ALASKA

To register to vote in Alaska you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be at least 18 years old within 90 days of completing this registration
  • be a resident of Alaska
  • not be a convicted felon (unless unconditionally discharged)
  • not be registered to vote in another State

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

ARIZONA

To register to vote in Arizona you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Arizona and your county at least 29 days preceding the next election
  • be 18 years old on or before the next general election
  • not have been convicted of treason or a felony (or have had your civil rights restored)
  • not have been adjudicated incompetent

Voter registration deadline: 29 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

ARKANSAS

To register to vote in Arkansas you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • live in Arkansas at the address indicated on your voter application
  • be at least 18 years old before the next election
  • not be a convicted felon (or have completely discharged your sentence or been pardoned)
  • not claim the right to vote in any other jurisdiction
  • not presently be adjudged mentally incompetent by a court of competent jurisdiction

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

CALIFORNIA

To register to vote in California you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of California
  • be at least 18 years of age at the time of the next election
  • not be in prison or in county jail (serving a state prison sentence or serving a term of more than one year in jail for a defined "low-level" felony)
  • not be on parole, post release community supervision, or post-sentencing probation for a felony conviction
  • not currently be judged mentally incompetent by a court of law

Voter registration deadline: 15 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

COLORADO

To register to vote in Colorado you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Colorado 30 days prior to the election
  • be 18 years old on or before election day
  • not be confined as a prisoner or serving any part of a sentence (including parole) for a felony conviction

Voter registration deadline: 29 days before the election. If the application is received in the mail without a postmark, it must be received within 5 days of the close of registration.

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CONNECTICUT

To register to vote in Connecticut you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Connecticut and of the town in which you wish to vote
  • be 18 years old on or before election day
  • have completed confinement and parole if previously convicted of a felony, and have had your voting rights restored by Registrars of Voters

Voter registration deadline:

Primary: received by your Registrar of Voters or a voter registration agency by the 5th day before a primary (OR you may register in person with your town clerk or registrar until 12:00 noon on the last business day before a primary). 

General Election: received by a voter registration agency by the 14th day before an election (OR you may register in person with your Registrar of Voters by the 7th day before an election).

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DELAWARE

To register to vote in Delaware you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a permanent resident of Delaware
  • be at least 18 years old on the date of the next general election
  • not be mentally incompetent
  • felons are eligible to vote if certain requirements are met: fines and sentence completed at least five years prior to application date; felony convictions can not be disqualifying felonies, which are murder, sexual offenses, or crimes against public administration involving bribery or improper influence or abuse of office.

Voter registration deadline: the fourth Saturday prior to a general or primary election. Postmarked 10 days prior to a special election.

Register to vote now!

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA (WASHINGTON DC)

To register in the District of Columbia you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a District of Columbia resident at least 30 days preceding the next election
  • be 16 years old (to pre-register), or be 18 on or before the next election
  • not be in jail for a felony conviction
  • not have been found by a court to be legally incompetent to vote
  • not claim the right to vote anywhere outside D.C.

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election. You may also register to vote at the polls on Election Day.

Register to vote now!

FLORIDA

To register to vote in Florida you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a legal resident of both the State of Florida and of the county in which you seek to be registered
  • be 18 years old (you may preregister if you are 16)
  • not now be adjudicated mentally incapacitated with respect to voting in Florida or any other State
  • not have been convicted of a felony without your civil rights having been restored pursuant to law
  • not claim the right to vote in another county or state
  • swear or affirm the following: “I will protect and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of Florida, that I am qualified to register as an elector under the Constitution and laws of the State of Florida, and that I am a citizen of the United States and a legal resident of Florida”

Voter registration deadline: 29 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

GEORGIA

To register to vote in Georgia you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a legal resident of Georgia and of the county in which you want to vote
  • be 18 years old within six months after the day of registration, and be 18 years old to vote
  • not be serving a sentence for having been convicted of a felony
  • not have been judicially determined to be mentally incompetent, unless the disability has been removed

Voter registration deadline: the fifth Monday before any general primary, general election, or  presidential preference primary, or regularly scheduled special election pursuant to the Georgia Election Code. In the event that a special election is scheduled on a date other that those dates prescribed by the Georgia Election Code, registration closes on the 5th day after the call.

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HAWAII

To register to vote in Hawaii you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of the State of Hawaii
  • be at least 16 years old (you must be 18 years old by election day in order to vote)
  • not be incarcerated for a felony conviction
  • not be declared by a court to be mentally incompetent

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

IDAHO

To register to vote in Idaho you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • have resided in Idaho and in the county for 30 days prior to the day of election
  • be at least 18 years old
  • not have been convicted of a felony, and without having been restored to the rights of citizenship,
  • not confined in prison on conviction of a criminal offense

Voter registration deadline: 25 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

ILLINOIS

To register to vote in Illinois you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Illinois and of your election precinct at least 30 days before the next election
  • be at least 18 years old on or before the next election
  • not be in jail for a felony conviction
  • not claim the right to vote anywhere else

Voter registration deadline: 28 days before the election. 

Register to vote now!

INDIANA

To register to vote in Indiana you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • have resided in the precinct at least 30 days before the next election
  • be at least 18 years of age on the day of the next general election
  • not currently be in jail for a criminal conviction

Voter registration deadline: 29 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

IOWA

To register to vote in Iowa you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Iowa
  • be at least 17 1/2 years old (you must be 18 to vote)
  • not have been convicted of a felony (or have had your rights restored)
  • not currently be judged by a court to be "incompetent to vote"
  • not claim the right to vote in more than one place
  • give up your right to vote in any other place

Voter registration deadline: 5pm of the 10th day before the election, if it is a state primary or general election, 11 days before all others. (Registration forms which are postmarked 15 or more days before an election are considered on time even if received after the deadline.) You may also register to vote in-person at the polls on Election Day.

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KANSAS

To register to vote in Kansas you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Kansas
  • be 18 by the next election
  • have received final discharge from imprisonment, parole, or conditional release if convicted of a felony
  • not claim the right to vote in any other location or under any other name
  • not be excluded from voting for mental incompetence by a court of competent jurisdiction

Voter registration deadline: 21 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

KENTUCKY

To register to vote in Kentucky you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Kentucky
  • be 18 years of age on or before the next general election
  • not be a convicted felon or if you have been convicted of a felony, your civil rights must have been restored by executive pardon
  • not have been judged “mentally incompetent” in a court of law
  • not claim the right to vote anywhere outside Kentucky

Voter registration deadline: fourth Tuesday before the election.

Register to vote now!

LOUISIANA

To register to vote in Louisiana you must:

  • be a United States citizen
  • be at least 17 years old (but you must be 18 years old prior to next election to vote)
  • not be under an order of imprisonment for conviction of a felony
  • not be under a judgement of full interdiction for mental incompetence or partial interdiction with suspension of voting rights
  • reside in the state and parish in which you seek to register

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

Warning: If you are a first-time Louisiana voter and you register to vote by mail then you must vote in person the first time you vote. This restriction does not apply if you are in the Special Program for Physically Handicapped Voters, are a student at a college located outside of your parish of residence, or you appear in the registrar's office prior to the election to prove your identity. (Note: students are required to submit a copy of their fee bill or identification card with their application to vote absentee by mail.)

MAINE

To register to vote in Maine you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Maine and the municipality in which you want to vote
  • be at least 17 years old (you must be 18 years old to vote)

Voter registration deadline: 21 days before the election. You may also register in-person on election day.

Register to vote now!

MARYLAND

To register to vote in Maryland you must:

  • Be a U.S. citizen;
  • Be a Maryland resident;
  • Be at least 16 years old (you must be 18 by the next election to vote)
  • not have been found by a court to be incapable of voting by reason of mental disability
  • not have been convicted of buying or selling votes
  • not have been convicted of a felony, or if you have, you must have completed serving a court ordered sentence of imprisonment, including any term of parole or probation for the conviction.

Voter registration deadline: 21 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

MASSACHUSETTS

To register to vote in Massachusetts you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Massachusetts
  • be 18 years old on or before the next election
  • not be currently incarcerated for a felony conviction

Voter registration deadline: 20 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

MICHIGAN

To register to vote in Michigan you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be 18 years old by the next election
  • be a resident of Michigan and at least a 30 day resident of your city or township by election day
  • not be confined in a jail after being convicted and sentenced

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

Warning: If you are a first-time Michigan voter and you register to vote by mail then you must vote in person the first time you vote; you cannot vote by absentee ballot. This restriction does not apply if you are 60 years of age or more, or are disabled.

Note: Michigan law requires that the same address be used for voter registration and driver license purposes. Therefore, if the residence address you provide on this form differs from the address shown on a driver license or personal identification card issued by the State of Michigan, the Secretary of State will automatically change your driver license or personal identification card address to match the residence address entered on this form. If an address change is made, the Secretary of State will mail you an address update sticker for your driver license or personal identification card.

MINNESOTA

To register to vote in Minnesota you must:

 

  • be at least 18 years old on election day 
  • be a citizen of the United States
  • have resided in Minnesota for 20 days immediately preceding election day
  • have any felony conviction record discharged, expired, or completed
  • not be under court-ordered guardianship where a court has revoked your voting rights
  • have not been ruled legally incompetent by a court of law

 

Voter registration deadline: There is none, but if you haven't registered at least 21 days before the election, you should register in person.  You can register on election day by submitting your registration with your ballot .  If you register on election day, you'll need to show proof of residency.  You can find the requirements on the Minnesota Secretary of State website.

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MISSISSIPPI

To register to vote in Mississippi you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • have lived in Mississippi and in your county (and city, if applicable) 30 days before the election in which you want to vote
  • be 18 years old by the time of the general election in which you want to vote
  • have not been convicted of murder, rape, bribery, theft, arson, obtaining money or goods under false pretense, perjury, forgery, embezzlement, armed robbery, extortion, felony bad check, felony shoplifting, larceny, receiving  stolen property, robbery, timber larceny, unlawful taking of a motor vehicle, statutory rape, carjacking, or bigamy, or have had your rights restored as required by law
  • not have been declared mentally incompetent by a court

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

MISSOURI

To register to vote in Missouri you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Missouri
  • be at least 18 years old by Election Day
  • not be on probation or parole after conviction of a felony
  • not be convicted of a felony or misdemeanor connected with the right of suffrage
  • not be confined under a sentence of imprisonment

Voter registration deadline: 28 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

MONTANA

To register to vote in Montana you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be at least 18 years old on or before the election
  • be a resident of Montana and of the county in which you want to vote for at least 30 days
  • not be in a penal institution for a felony conviction
  • not currently be determined by a court to be of unsound mind

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

NEBRASKA

To register to vote in Nebraska you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Nebraska
  • be at least 18 years of age or will be 18 years of age on or before the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November
  • not have been convicted of a felony, or if convicted, have had your civil rights restored
  • not have been officially found to be mentally incompetent

Voter registration deadline: Postmarked the third Friday before the election (by mail); delivered by 6 p.m. on the second Friday before the election (in person).

Register to vote now!

NEVADA

To register to vote in Nevada you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • have attained the age of 18 years on the date of the election
  • be a resident of the State of Nevada for at least 30 days prior to the election
  • ave your rights restored if you were convicted of a felony
  • not be determined by a court of law to be mentally incompetent

Voter registration deadline: the fifth Saturday before any primary or general election. The third Saturday before any recall or special election. However, if a recall or special election is held on the same day as a primary or general election, the registration closes on the fifth Saturday before the day for the elections.

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NEW HAMPSHIRE

To register to vote in New Hampshire you must:

  • be a a citizen of the United States
  • be at least 18 years by the time of the next election
  • be a resident of New Hampshire

There is no minimum residency requirement. You can register to vote in New Hampshire any time after moving into the state.

Voter registration deadline: received 10 days before the election. You can also register in person on election day.

Note: New Hampshire prefers that voters register in person.  If this is impossible for you (because of physical disability, religious beliefs, military service, or because of temporary absence), call your town/city clerk and ask them to send you a mail-in voter registration form and a voter registration affidavit (the affidavit is a legal document that states that you are registering by mail because you can't register in person).  Once they mail you the documents, complete both forms in front of a notary and have the affidavit notarized. Mail both forms back to your town/city clerk.  

NEW JERSEY

To register to vote in New Jersey you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be at least 18 years of age by the next election
  • be a resident of your county in New Jersey for 30 days before the election
  • not be serving a sentence or on parole or probation as the result of a conviction of any indictable offense under the laws of this or another state or of the United States

Voter registration deadline: 21 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

NEW MEXICO

To register to vote in New Mexico you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of the State of New Mexico
  • be 18 years of age at the time of the next election
  • not be legally declared mentally incapacitated
  • not be convicted of a felony, or, if you have been convicted of a felony, you may register once you complete all conditions of probation or parole, serve the entirety of a sentence or are pardoned by the Governor.

Voter registration deadline: 28 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

NEW YORK

To register to vote in New York you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of the county, or of the City of New York, at least 30 days before an election
  • be 18 years old by December 31 of the year in which you register to vote (you must be 18 years old by the date of the general, primary, or other election in which you want to vote)
  • not be in jail or on parole for a felony conviction
  • not currently be judged incompetent by order of a court
  • not claim the right to vote elsewhere

Voter registration deadline: 25 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

NORTH CAROLINA

To register to vote in North Carolina you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of North Carolina and the county in which you live for at least 30 days prior to the election
  • be 18 years of age by the day of the election
  • have your rights of citizenship restored if you have been convicted of a felony
  • not be registered or vote in any other county or state

Voter registration deadline: 25 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

NORTH DAKOTA

North Dakota does not have formal voter registration. In order to vote in North Dakota, you must be:

  • A U.S. citizen
  • At least 18 years old on the day of election
  • A resident of North Dakota
  • A resident in the precinct for 30 days preceding the election

OHIO

To register to vote in Ohio you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Ohio
  • be 18 years old on or before the next general election
  • not be incarcerated for a felony conviction under the laws of Ohio or any other state, or under federal law
  • not be found incompetent by a court for purposes of voting
  • not be permanently denied the right to vote for violations of the election laws

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

OKLAHOMA

To register to vote in Oklahoma you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of the State of Oklahoma
  • be 18 years old on or before the date of the next election
  • have not been convicted of a felony, for which a period of time equal to the original sentence has not expired, or for which you have not been pardoned
  • not now be under judgment as an incapacitated person, or a partially incapacitated person prohibited from registering to vote

Voter registration deadline: 25 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

OREGON

To register to vote in Oregon you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Oregon
  • be at least 18 years old by election day

Voter registration deadline: 21 days before the election

Register to vote now!

PENNSYLVANIA

To register to vote in Pennsylvania you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States at least one month before the next election
  • be a resident of Pennsylvania and your election district at least 30 days before the election
  • be at least 18 years of age on the day of the next election

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before an election or primary.

Register to vote now!

RHODE ISLAND

To register to vote in Rhode Island you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Rhode Island for 30 days preceding the next election
  • be at least 16 (you must be 18 years old by election day to vote in the election)
  • not be currently serving a felony sentence (your voting rights will be restored once you have completed the sentence, even if you are on probation or parole)
  • not have been lawfully judged to be mentally incompetent

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

SOUTH CAROLINA

To register to vote in South Carolina you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be at least 18 years old on or before the next election
  • be a resident of South Carolina, your county and precinct
  • not be confined in any public prison resulting from a conviction of a crime
  • never have been convicted of a felony or offense against the election laws, or if previously convicted, have served your entire sentence, including probation or parole, or have received a pardon for the conviction
  • not be under a court order declaring you mentally incompetent
  • claim the address on the application as your only legal place of residence and claim no other place as your legal residence

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

SOUTH DAKOTA

To register to vote in South Dakota you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • reside in South Dakota
  • be 18 years old by the next election
  • not be currently serving a sentence for a felony conviction which included imprisonment, served or suspended, in an adult penitentiary system
  • not have been adjudged mentally incompetent by a court

Voter registration deadline: Received 15 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

TENNESSEE

To register to vote in Tennessee you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Tennessee
  • be at least 18 years old on or before the next election
  • not have been convicted of a felony, or if convicted, have had your full rights of citizenship restored (or have received a pardon)

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

Warning: First-time Tennessee voters who register to vote by mail cannot vote by absentee ballot.  These voters must vote in person.  This restriction does not apply to voters who are on the permanent absentee ballot list.

TEXAS

To register to vote in Texas you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of the county in which the application for registration is made
  • be 18 years old on Election Day
  • not be convicted of a felony, or if a convicted felon, you must have fully served your sentence (including any incarceration, parole, supervision, period of probation) or been pardoned.
  • have not been declared by a court to be either totally mentally incapacitated or partially mentally incapacitated without the right to vote

Voter registration deadline: 30 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

UTAH

To register to vote in Utah you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • have resided in Utah for 30 days immediately before the next election
  • be at least 18 years old on or before the next election
  • not be a convicted felon currently incarcerated for commission of a felony
  • not be convicted of treason or crime against the elective franchise, unless restored to civil rights
  • not be found to be mentally incompetent by a court of law

Voter registration deadline: post marked 30 days before the election, hand-delivered 15 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

VERMONT

To register to vote in Vermont you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Vermont and of the town in which are registering
  • be 18 years of age on or before election day

If you are registering to vote in Vermont for the first time, you must take the Voter’s Oath.  If you plan on voting in person, you can take the oath at your polling place.  If you plan on registering and voting by mail, use Vermont’s voter registration form and take the oath in front of a notary.  The notary must sign your form, affirming that the oath has been taken.  (Note: Vermont calls the voter registration form the “Application for addition to the checklist”).

The Voter’s Oath: You solemnly swear or affirm that whenever you give your vote or  suffrage, touching any matter that concerns the State of Vermont, you will do it so as in your conscience you shall judge will  most conduce to the best good of the same, as established by the Constitution, without fear or favor of any person. [Voter’s Oath, Vermont Constitution, Chapter II, Section 42]

Voter registration deadline: the Wednesday before the election.

Register to vote now!

VIRGINIA

To register to vote in Virginia you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Virginia and of the precinct in which you want to vote
  • be 18 years old by the next general election
  • not be registered and planning to vote in another state
  • not have been convicted of a felony, or have had your civil rights restored
  • not currently be declared mentally incompetent by a court of law

Voter registration deadline: Delivered 22 days before a genrel or primary election, 13 days before a special election.

Register to vote now!

Warning: First time Viriginia voters who register to vote by mail must vote in person the first time they vote. These voters cannot vote by absentee ballot.  This restriction does not apply to full time college students, to voters on active duty military, to overseas voters, to physically disabled voters, or to voters age 65 or over.  This restriction also does not apply to anyone voting a "presidential only" ballot.

WASHINGTON

To register to vote in Washington you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a legal resident of Washington State, your county and precinct for 30 days immediately preceding the election in which you want to vote
  • be at least 18 years old by election day
  • not be denied the right to vote due to a felony conviction

Voter registration deadline: the Monday four weeks before the election.

Register to vote now!

WEST VIRGINIA

To register to vote in West Virginia you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • live in West Virginia at the above address
  • be 18 years old, or to vote in the primary be 17 years old and turning 18 before the general election
  • not be under conviction, probation, or parole for a felony, treason or election bribery

Voter registration deadline: 21 days before the election.

Register to vote now!

WISCONSIN

To register to vote in Wisconsin you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Wisconsin for at least 28 consecutive days immediately preceding to the election
  • be 18 years old by Election Day
  • not have been convicted of treason, felony or bribery, or if you have, your civil rights have been restored
  • not be currently serving a sentence (including incarceration, parole, probation, or extended supervision) for a felony conviction
  • not be otherwise disqualified from voting

Voter registration deadline: Postmarked 20 days before the election (by mail), or delivered to the local voter registration office by 5:00pm on the Friday before the election. You may also register in-person at the polls on election day. 

Register to vote now!

WYOMING

To register to vote to vote in Wyoming you must:

  • be a citizen of the United States
  • be a resident of Wyoming and of the precinct in which you register
  • be 18 years of age by Election Day
  • withdraw voter registration from any other jurisdiction (if applicable)
  • not be convicted of a felony or if so, have had your rights restored by a competent authority
  • not be a currently adjudicated as mentally incompetent

Voter registration deadline: 14 days before the election. You may also register at your polling place on election day.

Note: Wyoming does not accept the National Voter Registration Form.  Use the Wyoming voter registration application instead.  Complete the application in front of a notary and have the form notarized.  Mail the completed form to your County Clerk.

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